As a parent, it is important that you know about burns especially if you have children. Children are most vulnerable to burns owing to the fact that they are not able to distinguish things that will wound them and things that will not wound them. They play around with anything they can find around them. A child being fascinated by fire can touch it in admiration without knowing that it can burn him or her. Given this, you should know about burns, causes of burn, first aid treatment to give to person that suffers from burn and many other things about burn.
What is burn?
A burn refers to the injury to the skin as result of the exposure to heat sources such as fire, hot water or other hot liquids, chemicals, electricity, radiations and others. Burns can be severe or minor. Based on the severity of burns, there are four degrees of burns, namely, the first, second, third and fourth degrees of burns.
- First degree burn: a burn is said to be a first degree burn when only the epidermis or out layer of the skin is affected. It is characterized by redness and pains. A typical example of first degree burn is mild sunburn which is caused by exposure of the skin to ultraviolent rays of the sun for a very long time.
- Second degree burn: at this degree of burn, the dermis or the second layer of the skin is also affected. There are two levels of second degree burns depending on its wideness. When the second degree burn is not properly treated, it can escalate to the third degree burn. Symptoms of second degree burns are redness, pain and blisters.
- Third degree burn: the epidermis and dermis are damaged at this degree of burns. The underlying bones, tendons and muscles may be affected by third degree burn. Given that the nerve endings are destroyed, a person affected by third degree burn does not feel pain in the affected area. The affected area will look pale, leathery and pale.
- Fourth degree of pain: the burn at this degree is charred and stiff. The fourth degree burn affects all the layers of the skin, subcutaneous fat, muscle and bone. It is the most serious type of burn and may require surgery or serious medical attention.
Places where burn occur
Burn can occur in various places under various situations. Here are some of the places where burn can occur:
· work environment
· school laboratory
· chemical laboratory
· during motor accidents
· outdoor environment and in the kitchen when one is cooking
Causes of burns
As it has been mentioned above, burn is not caused by just one thing. There are a number of things that can cause burn and they include the following:
· hot liquids and other substances like hot water, hot tea, hot food, hot metal material and others
· fire or flames of various types
· flammable and volatile products when they are exposed to heat and they catch fire