If you have a garden with shrubs in it, you have to make sure that the shrubs are always and well pruned. This is because they give your garden it structure and add some element of beauty to it. Besides, they are well pruned, it will enhance their shape making it possible for them to produce more fruits and flowers. Experience has shown that unpruned shrubs are always unproductive. So, by pruning your shrubs, you are adding structure to your garden, enhancing its beauty and improving the chances of the garden to produce more fruits and flowers.
Things to take into consideration
Cut very well
Any cuts resulting from pruning are wounds to the shrubs which create more avenue for disease and infection to find their way in the shrubs. So, when you are pruning your shrubs, you should try to make your cuts clean and do not leave any snags. Make sure that the tool you are pruning with is sharp. Cut above and close to the buds but never into them.
Pruning your shrub when they are still young or early in their growth stage is encouraged. It should be the ideal because it helps to give the shrubs nice shape and to help them to grow very well and quick. However, this should not apply to all shrubs. This is because most evergreen shrubs do not have any need for formative pruning or thinning in order for them to grow very well and obtain a nice shape. However, you should remove any excessive long shoots as well as damaged and weak bud in your shrubs regardless of the type because all shrubs benefits from such work. If you have deciduous shrubs in your garden, you have to give them formative pruning and thinning. Such shrubs grow numerous shoots during their early stage and thus you have to remove them on time. If you prune longer shoot and remove weak stems, it will help to correct lopsided growth.
Rejuvenate old shrub
If you sparingly or rarely prune certain shrubs such as buddleja and forsythia, they will develop masses of dead wood at the centre. So, it is important that you rejuvenate such shrubs. Cutting them back during the dormant season remains the best practice. Begin by cutting diseased, crossing and dead stems. The remaining stems should be thinned by half.
There are certain type of shrubs that severe pruning does not have any effect on them. Typical examples of such shrubs are ribes and philadelphus. The best practice for such shrubs is to cut them to the ground level. This will help to create a framework for new shoots.
Pruning shrubs in pots
There is the tendency for some people to overlook pruning shrubs in pots. Potted shrubs should also be pruned especially those that are very pot-bounded. You should prune their roots when they have matured. However, you should be very careful here. You should not give any wound to fibrous feeder roots. You to prune just about 1/3 of non-fibrous roots. After pruning, you have to repot the shrubs in a new compost. Then complete your task by pruning about one third of the top growth in order to balance what has been lost in the root.
The above are some tips you should apply for your shrubs pruning.