There is the tendency for some people especially uneducated parents to take burn less seriously. But burns can give rise to infection which can lead to the death of the patient. If your child has burn and you leave it untreated, the chances of the child getting infected with tetanus is very high and such deadly bacteria can kill the patient if it is not treated. Burn does not just cause pain and anxiety, it can also give rise to emotional disturbances and trauma especially if the patient will be disfigured or have scares after recovering.
So, there is a need for quick medical action to be taken to reduce the damage to the patient. Patients with severe burns that disfigure or change their appearance may also require psychological and social support in order to be able to cope with their predicament. Below are some medications to be given to people with burn to reduce their pain and facilitate their healing process. However, these medications should not be administered indiscriminately. You should follow the instruction of your doctor.
· Antimicrobial ointments: these ointments are applied on the affected area to prevent the burn from getting infected. As implicit from the name, the medications reduce the action of bacteria or microorganisms from the wound or even kill them. This will make the burn to decay. Typical examples of such medications are sulfadiazine, silver nitrate, mafenide and povidone-iodine. For first aid treatment, you should apply bacitracin to the wound.
· Antibiotics: your doctor may deem it wise to give you some antibiotic especially if the wound has been infected. They can also be administered if there is a high risk of the wound becoming infected. The antibiotics which are normally administered when the portion of body affected is very large will prevent the wound from getting infected. Typical examples of antibiotics to be administered are oxacillin, gentamicin, mezlocillin and others. It is left for your doctor to determine which antibiotics are most suitable for your case.
· Pain relief medications: burns as you know cause serious pains to their victims. People with burns are given pain relief medications in order to reduce the pain. A good pain relief medication to be given if the burn is very severe is acetaminophen with morphine, codeine or meperidine.
Note that patients with severe burns may be given anabolic steroid like oxandrolone in order to reduce healing time of the wound.
Severe wounds such as third and fourth degree burns may require surgery such as debridement and skin grafting. Skin grafting is a type of surgical procedure in which a piece of skin is sewn over the burn. Before this procedure is carried out, the dead tissues have to be removed first through a medical procedure known as debridement. The piece of skin to be used for the surgery is obtained from an animal like pig or from a donor or a part of the patient’s body. If real skin cannot be obtained, artificial skin can be used for skin grafting. After the surgery, the look of the skin or affected area can be improved through cosmetic surgery.