Burns are of various types. They are classified based on their cause as well as the depth and degree of pain, extent of damage, signs of infection and amount of swelling. Doctors take the above factors into consideration when diagnosing burns. Some burns may require immediate emergence medical attention. Burn that requires immediate emergency actions are burns resulting from electrical injuries, burns that cover significant area of the body, burn associated with physical abuse and burns associated with smoke inhalation. Sterile cloths are used to wrap all wounds. Fluids or oxygen may be given to the patients through a mask or tube. Tests may be conducted by doctors in order to determine whether or not the wounds are affected. Here are some first aid treatments to be given to a burn patient before taking the person to a hospital.
Burns are up to 4 degrees. The type of treatment to be given to burn depends on the degree of burns a patient has. Minor burns may not require any hospital visit. In fact, there are some burns that can heal on themselves without any treatment. But some degrees of burns require serious medical attention which may include surgery. Below are some treatment options for various degrees of burns.
First degree burns
First degree burn is a type of burn that affects only the outer layer of the skin. It is a minor type of burn and may not require hospital visit. Such burns can heal by themselves. However, there are some first aid treatments you can give a person that has first degree of burn in order to facilitate the process of healing and to protect the burn from becoming infected.
· Use cool compress to cover the affected portion of the skin or run cold water on it.
· Apply ice, butter or oil to the burn.
· Take pain relieve medication like ibuprofen or acetaminophen to reduce swelling and relieve pain.
· Do not apply burn care or other ointments until after a day in order to prevent the burn from swelling.
Treatment for second degree burn
There are blisters on second degree burns which affect the epidermis and dermis of the skin. When treating such a degree of burn, you should not break the blisters. Leave any clothing sticking to the skin. Attempting to remove cloth or breaking the blisters will worsen the case for the patient. Use mild soap to clean the burn with cool water. Pour the cold water on burn for about five to ten minutes. After cleaning and pouring cold water on the wound, you can now remove the clothing that stuck to the skin. The water will soften it and thus making it not to pull on the skin. Take pain relieve or administer pain relief medication to the patient. If the patient is not being taken to the hospital because of the distance, then you have to apply honey or bacitracin ointment on the broken blisters to avoid the burn getting infected.
Treatment for third and fourth degree burn
You have to take any victim of third and fourth degree burn to the hospital for medical attention. But you can administer some first aid treatment to the person before going to the hospital. Put out the fire first if the person is still on fire. Call the emergency number. Follow the treatment option for second degree burn above. When you take the person to hospital, the doctors will do the necessary diagnosis to determine the most suitable treatment for the burn.