The loss of normal joint play by any of the joints in the spine or limb can result in whiplash joint dysfunction. When this happens, there are normally a number of factors that can result in pain in the back and neck. These factors are 

  • Joint dysfunction
  • Muscle dysfunction
  • disc derangement
  • faulty movement
  • Joint dysfunction

Whatever be the case, motion palpation can be used to discover joint dysfunction from whiplash. In this technique, the joint is moved in different directions by a chiropractic professional in order to assess its joint play. The normal range of the movement of a joint will be affected if it develops dysfunction and this results in pain.

Joint dysfunction from whiplash can also cause muscle imbalance. Abnormal signal is normally sent to the nervous system when there is loss of joint play because the joint has a lot of nerve receptors. When this happens, the muscles of the joint will be conversely under-active or tense resulting in muscle imbalance adds more stress to the joint. The joint dysfunction that exists already will be aggravated by the increase in stress on the joint. This will cause pain to the joint.

Muscle dysfunction

From the above, it is evidently clear that joint dysfunction affects the muscles. Some muscles reacts to joint dysfunction by becoming overactive while other respond by becoming under-active. Whatever be the case, the trigger points which refer to areas of congestion within the muscle developed by these muscles can be remedied with whiplash treatment that involve relaxation or stimulation of muscles. Toxins accumulated in the trigger points cause pain by irritating the nerve ending within the muscle. The resulting whiplash pain is limited to the muscle areas or diffuse to the other parts of the body.

Faulty movement pattern

The condition can also result from the development of faulty movement pattern if it causes the muscle to send abnormal neurological signals into the nervous system. The abnormal signal can disrupt the nervous system ability to regulate muscles in other parts of the body properly causing faulty movement patterns which placed increased strains on the muscles and joints. This can results in back and neck pains.

Fault movement patterns also include instability which are of two types with regard to whiplash. They are passive and dynamic instability. It is passive if there is lopse neck's ligament which makes it vulnerable to whiplash pain. It is dynamic instability if the disruption of the nervous system results in the disturbance in the natural muscular response of the body to common everyday forces. Generally, instability makes it difficult for the sufferer to carry out mild and innocuous activities.

Disc derangement

The discs between the vertebrae can be injured by the force of whiplash. It can also cause small tears to develop between the discs and vertebrae. The nerve ending in this area can be irritate if the disc's gelatinous middle seeps out. This situation is called disc derangement.

In few cases, the gel can seep out pressing on disc herniation resulting in whiplash pain in the neck and arm areas. It can also cause symptoms such as muscle weakness, tingling and numbness