Communication has been the most powerful instrument from million years. It is a method which assists in conveying or expressing thoughts or ideas of one person to other. Effective communication means to deliver your thoughts and ideas unambiguously. Communication can only be effective if the message sent by the sender is being understood by the receiver appropriately. If the message is not clear or receiver finds himself unable in understanding the meaning of a message then it means a sender is facing a problem of communication barrier. Barriers in effective communication can become the hurdle in progress of professional life as well as in the personal life. According to various psychologists, approximately 50 percent of message looses its meaning while conveying from sender to receiver. There are various points where the message is misinterpreted in which some are as follows:


1)Material or Physical Barrier: This is the main hurdle or barrier in effective communication at workplace. This barrier in the company comprises large working area which is physically estranged from each other. Other things due to which physical barrier rises may be the organizational environment or noise coming from back. Various things can be included in physical barrier like large working place or working in one section which is physically separate from each other, closed office doors, separate place for people of different rank etc. These points can be concluded in physical barriers to effective communication:

a)Environmental cause: Too much humidity in atmosphere, light in excess, lofty temperature or bad ventilation are some of the environmental barriers in effective communication.

b)Challenging Stimulus: If there is loud music or noise in the background and there is distance between sender and receiver then it becomes very difficult to send the correct message by the sender to the receiver.

c)Subjective strain: Due to bad health, too much mental stress, lack of proper sleep or consumption of medicines, the receiver can never understand the message appropriately.

d)Media ignorance: Receiver should be well known about the medium by which sender is sending his message. For example, explaining things to the workers by maps or charts with whom they are not familiar then they will not be able to understand the meaning of the message properly.


2)Linguistic Barrier: Different language and vocabulary is another barrier in communication. Language is vague in nature and its words are symbols which hardly represent only one meaning. The meanings of these symbols or words are understood by the sender and receiver in their own way which can result in misinterpretation. If communicator uses difficult or inappropriate words or if message is not explained in proper manner then it can result in misinterpretation. It is the language only that plays vital role in every field so it should be kept in mind that proper language and words are used. In today’s world if you send your message to another person in his language then it will be more effective and in this way the communication can be made effectively.   


3)Cultural Barrier: You will find diverse culture barrier to effective communication in this world. This communication barrier arise when two people of any organization belongs to different culture, place or religion. There are many other factors of cultural barrier like age, social position, mental difference or thinking behavior, economic status, political views, values and rules, ethics or standards, motives and priorities. The communication done without mixing any culture will not miss its meaning, but once a culture is mixed up with the communication then it may loose its exact meaning.


4)Emotional barrier: Every person takes the situations and affair in his own way as everyone differs from each other. Many times thoughts of the person become strong base for communication. There are many emotions which can be the cause of effective communication barrier. Examples include anger, fear, or hostility. Apart from these some barriers to effective communication are mentioned below:

a)Sudden reactions: Many times while communicating, a listener makes comment or criticizes the message sender without waiting for the sentence to be completed. So it’s very necessary to be keep patience and speak once the communicator completes his speech.

b)Unfair assumptions: Never make wrong assumptions of the message as it creates great confusion. For example, you incorrectly assumed that your subordinate have understood the thing you have explained regarding any issue.

c)Terror: This emotion makes the person to think slowly. He becomes narrow minded. This makes the negative impact on effective communication skill.

d)Person becomes defensive: Man who cannot communicate effectively just tries to justify himself every time because he thinks that accepting the mistake means degradation. This kind of attitude is a great obstacle in the effective communication.

e)Being overconfident about self knowledge: There are number of persons existing in this world that are overconfident about themselves that they have enough knowledge about any subject. But when you talk to such people, you will discover that they don’t have enough knowledge nor such people accept that they can be wrong. This is another hurdle in effective communication.


These are some of the points which should be eradicated for making effective communication. It is important to remove barrier to effective communication in order to streamline and smoothen the whole process.

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